Agricultural Price Support : The government in developing countries like India generally provides the facility of price support to the farm producers and at the same time, it provides farm products at reasonable prices to consumers. As mentioned above, at the controlled maximum price fixed below the equilibrium price, the quantity demanded would exceed the quantity supplied and consequently shortage of the commodity would develop. Despite various assumptions for the application entrepreneur the demand analysis will play an important role in running the business successfully. You have to prepare on a topic of your main stream. So, for a commodity to have demand, the consumer must possess willingness to buy it, the ability or means to buy it, and it must be related to per unit of time i.
The organisation selected is the Office of the Attorney General. This will increase employment, output and national income. It provides price support so that the prices of farm products do not fall below specified levels. Transaction costs are the costs of time spend on searching with potential exchange parties, suppliers, negotiating the terms of exchange or contracts and the costs of monitoring contracts. Postponement, replacement, storage and expansions are inter-related problems which are included in the determination of demand for durable goods. Under the coupon rationing system consumers are given ration coupons just sufficient to buy the available quantity of the commodity.
We thus see that as a result of the unplanned variations in the agricultural output, prices of agricultural products vary a good deal. These other factors are the income of the consumer, their tastes, habits, preferences, etc. Effect of Unplanned Fluctuations in Production on Incomes of the Farmers : Now, these unplanned changes in agricultural production and consequent changes in prices significantly change the incomes earned by the farmers. Since total farm product is the sum of the production of many farmers, no individual producer or farmer can affect its market supply. A drought or heavy rains may damage the crop and bring misery to the farmer. Government will interfere if the price level of the essential goods become high. B Determinants of Market Demand : Market demand for a product refers to the total demand of all the buyers taken together.
It is also assumed here that the incomes, tastes, preferences, etc. If there is availability of cheap credit, the consumers try to spend more on consumer durables thereby the demand for certain products increase. The firms can make different arrangements to increase or reduce production or push up sales on the basis of sales forecast. He cannot affect its price and has to accept the prevailing market price. The less elastic supply is due to the inelasticity of the factors of production at the disposal of the farmers. As explained above, the imposition of the sales tax will shift the supply curve vertically upward.
The entrepreneurs should forecast the quantity and type of goods to be produced for the success of the business on the basis of demand analysis. Factors of cost and the decisions regarding cost will be covered. On the other hand, timely rains and good weather conditions may lead to a bumper crop and bring prosperity to them. The main role objective of each and every business firm is to maximize profits. Likewise, given the elasticity of demand, the greater the elasticity of supply, the higher will be the incidence of tax upon the buyers, and vice versa.
The principle that people are rational implies that rational people use every resource available to them as they work on achieving their goals, Hubbard, G. By incidence of taxes we mean who bear the money burden of taxes. Market demand function The market demand function for a product is a function showing the relation between the quantity demanded and the factors affecting the quantity of demand. In other words, perishable goods are consumed automatically while only services of durable goods are consumed. Any business can be successful by producing the goods according to desires and tastes of the consumers on the basis of demand analysis. All these things depend upon the demand analysis.
This, in turn helps the firm in manipulating the demand for its output. There were other priorities to allocate my resources. The Quantity Q is represented. Now, if the sales tax is imposed equal to Rs. When the consumer buys less of the commodity at a given price, this is called the decrease in demand. There are changes in tastes, habits and customers of the consumers; changes in income and expenditure; changes in the prices of substitutes and complements; expectations about future in prices and incomes and changes in the age and composition of the population, etc. Rent Control : Rent controls are another example of maximum price that Government fixes on the rental price of housing units.
A careful review of data can reveal links between two variables, such as specific sales offers and changes in revenue or dissatisfied customers and products purchased. Finally, double-check the statistics by perusing the data, particularly its source, to get a sense of why the audiences surveyed answered the way they did. If, however, the two goods are independent, a change in the price of A will have no effect on the demand for B. While there are many other factors involved in decision making these are the ones I have chosen to focus on for this essay. Inversely when its price falls, instead of buying more, they buy less of this commodity and use the savings for the purchase of better goods such as meat.