One serious problem plaguing Nigeria system of education today is large examination malpractice coupled with intellectual dishonesty. Lack of secondary and learning facilities ii. Examples of internal examinations are continuous assessment tests, terminal, semester and annual or promotional examinations. The study if concluded will equally reveal that regular punishment will help to reduce examination fraud. A questionnaire consisting of twenty-five 25 items was constructed, and duly validated by the researchers for the study. Equally our respective media house such a radio, television newspapers, journals have been saddled with case of examination fraud to the extent that even the common man in the street cannot afford to claim ignorance of it.
Examination malpractice occurs in both internal and external examination. The present situation therefore, demands that a stiffer measure be taken on the root causes of examination malpractice and its effects in our educational institutions with a view of finding a lasting solution to it. According to various sources examination malpractice was first reported in Nigeria in 1914 when there was a leakage of senior Cambridge Local Examination. Individual however put the blame on lack of proper social value system; the high premium attached to paper qualifications as prerequisite for admission and gainful employment. Balogun 1999 also defined examination as the process through which students are evaluated or tested to find out the quality of knowledge they have acquired within a specified period. The study further recommend that parent should not put pressure on their children for good grades. Empiricism shows that examinations indicate the extent of factual knowledge acquired by students, predict future educational achievement and provide a means of selecting suitable candidates for certain educational courses or occupation.
Satan solved this ugly seed which germinated into various forms of sin and vices including examination malpractice. In an attempt to study the perception of university students on the causes and effects of examination malpractices in Nigerian Educational System, two research questions were raised and analysed for possible answers using a survey research design method. The federal government promulgated degree No. It has become a prolific business enterprise branded with the name of private examination centres aided and abetted by corrupt examination officials, supported by parents who will not allow their children to be left out from the Trojan gift of malpractice. After independence, there was hardly any year when no examination malpractice was not recorded. Internal examinations are the examinations set by teachers or lecturers in form class tests and end of term or semester examinations, public examinations on the other hand, are examinations that conducted in the public interest by recognized examining bodies that were not involved in organizing instruction or preparing students for the examinations Addison, 1990, Salami, 1992; Adeyemi 1998. T Enugu and the college of education as well as other universities and polytechnics.
A Test and semester examinations. This type of education as at that time was relevant to the needs of the society. Those who are caught and punished are suit a very fraction of the culprits. Also train and develop students in managerial i. This paper addresses the problem of examination malpractice in secondary schools in Nigeria, what sustains it, the consequences of examination malpractice and the ways through which examination malpractice could be curbed in order to give credibility to the examination process in the country. The study recommends that only combination of several proffered solution can resolve the menace of examination malpractices, and solution should be preventive rather than curative measures.
Smuggling out question paper and answers scripts. Every examination season witnesses the emergence of new and ingenious ways of cheating. Oyekan 1996 also views examination malpractice as a deliberate act of indiscipline adopted by students or their privileged accomplices to secure facile success and advantage before, during and after the administration of a test or examination. Direct citing if referenced properly Thank you so much for your respect to the authors copyright. The desire for pavaent to understand and inculcate the importance of meant to children, as this will help reduce the incidence of examination malpractice. Salami 1994 defines examination malpractices as an improper and dishonest act associated with examination with a view to obtaining unmerited advantage. It is a means of assessing the quality and quantity or performance that an individual has accumulated at the end of a teaching process which may spread over a period of seventeen weeks; according to Adekate 1993 , examinations are instruments used for the assessment of individual skills and knowledge - content, both in generals and specific areas of studies and over — all academic achievements.
School administrators were recently called upon to desist from helping their students to perpetrate in examination malpractice. In educational institutions teaching and guidance activities are supposed to take place so that appropriate skills and knowledge can be acquired by the students. Admission of so many student in a department vii. In the Nigerian school system various forms of examinations are noticed. Examples of external public examinations common in Nigerian schools are Common Entrance Examination for admission into secondary school. The examinee is consequently awarded a certificate which could qualified students for admission into a school, promotion into higher level of an institution and employment opportunities. Among the recommendations made were the provision of educational facilities, harmonization of different syllabus, regular counseling of student, adequate security before, during and after examination.
These proffered solutions would reduce examination malpractice to minimum level. Giraffing stretch the neck with intention of cheating 2. But these days students now find various means of achieving success in these examinations and one of such ways is by cheating in examinations through leakage in examination papers, impersonation, external assistance, copying, smuggling of foreign materials, substitution of script and improper assignment. In fact, it constitutes the most serious problem facing Nigerian education system in general and secondary education in particular. They insult, embarrass, threaten and even assault invigilators and supervisors who failed to co-operate with them in their unholy and nefarious acts.
Based on this, it was concluded that personal and societal factors could cause examination malpractice and the society is likely to suffer from low productivity because of this malaise, examination malpractice. Even with the promulgation of Decree No 33 of 1999 Now Act of Parliament designed to check examination malpractice, the crime appears to be on the increase. To make matter worse, it is not only students that are involved, parents, lecturers or teachers, school heads, examination officials all collude with students to perpetrate this misconduct Ijaiya, 2004. Entering the examination hall with text book as reminder. Furthermore, a machinery through which the extent of knowledge and skill acquisition is determined at each stage of education has been set up.
Use of mercenaries 6 Entering the hall with prepared scripts hidden in socks, pockets. This was broadly traditional, occupationally oriented and informal apprenticeship system. Effort should therefore be directed towards controlling cheating behaviours and also finding the possible causes of the problem among secondary school students in Mushin Local Government. This is a refection of the society. Adequate teaching-this contributes so much in solving examination malpractice it makes learning enthusiastic and effective assimilation of the lesson.