What was the person's occupation? What was the document about? Abigail Williams was one of the first afflicted girls in the. New York, Da Capo Press, 1969. Guiding Questions Salem, Massachusetts in the late 1600s faced a number of serious challenges to a peaceful social fabric. There are many different stories as to how witchcraft began,some say it started in Salem. Magazine Articles The following is a list of periodical articles on the witchcraft trials in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692.
This was only new in America; France, Italy, Germany, and England it has been going on for more than 300 years. Hundreds of others faced accusations and dozens were jailed for months during the process of the trials. Vengeance Another main idea could have been jealousy between married and single women Jealousy The first theory is vengeance, and jealousy between families. London: Printed for Thomas Parkhurst, at the Bible and three crowns in Cheapside, 1702. Mercy Lewis, Mary Walcott, and Mary Warren later claimed affliction as well. The leaders of these settlers were Puritans. It was here that the witchcraft hysteria of 1692 actually began.
The strict religion or the Puritans which called for obedience and participation. Further Reading These books discuss related topics: witch trials and beliefs about witches in New England, England and Europe or background on witchcraft itself. Most during the time accepted the belief that anything bad that happened was caused by the Devil. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Because most of the trials were occurring in Salem, this meant that the accusations were happening among the Puritans themselves, which could very well be anything as long as the Puritans found it as contradicting their bible. Boredom One theory claims that it all started because the girls in the village were bored.
They threw fits, contorted in pain, and complained of fever. Those persecuted were hanged, burned, and even pressed against rocks if found guilty of witchcraft. Finally, people living in Salem, Massachusetts were motivated to accuse others of witchcraft because, if convicted, the property that they had owned would be sold. The students can illustrate their timelines if there is time for them to do so. Women were seen as seductively powerful due to the well know story of Adam and Even in the Garden of Eden. New York : Alfred A.
One could easily defend oneself from a crime by blaming another for witchcraft. As a result, anyone who opposed the Puritan Church in even the slightest of instances was susceptible to chastisement by law. Five possible causes are boredom, the strong belief in the occult, personal differences, the cold weather theory, and ergot poisoning. How is this different or similar to your own interactions with your parents? Understanding Puritan New England Instructions for students: Just as the society around us shapes the way we think and act, so did it shape the people of Salem, Massachusetts in the 1600s. Maybe Thomas Andy, the writer of the document, called her a witch to get rid of her because she was being annoying by asking for charity.
Explain the function of 'covenants' in the way the Puritans saw the world. The map also showed the location of the defenders as well. Lastly, Document 15 is a graph that shows that the higher status and better occupation you had, the less accused there were. Then, in the 1950's, a man named Joseph McCarthy sparked a craze of accusing. The causes of the famous outbreak of witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts are rooted in social, economic, and political aspects of the late 17th century Salem community. The reason for this belief of witches was sparked when these two young girls related to the priest Samuel Parris, started to act bizarre in 1692. In sermon time, when Goodwife C.
Note that many of the websites contain interactive images. Between, 1400-1600, thousands of people were accused and killed for being witches. It seems that this case is not just because of one factor such as Ergotism, but several more. Could this be why I have dreams of being a Warlock going to a witch academy and having weird feelings at night. Tituba's detailed confession included a claim that there were several undiscovered witches who wanted to destroy the community. Most of the accused would be women and even ministers which even were executed unjustly. The largest account of witch trials as well as deaths by witch trials occurred in Salem, a village heavily populated with the Puritans.
Document two also talks about people lying about someone being a witch so they could get their wealth. New York : Atheneum Books for Young Readers, c2003. Though such scenarios seem unfathomable in our modern culture, it was a reality for hundreds of New England settlers. The other half of Salem farmed poorer land and lost political power. Due to the survival of many relevant records, including notes, depositions, and official rulings, the main facts of the accusations, arrests, trials, and executions are known. Several girls became ill with what was assumed to be witchery. Puritans, called fundamentalists, followed the Bible to the T and anything outside of the Bible was considered unheard of.
A combination of religious, political, and… infamous Salem Witch Trials happened. What cues suggested signs of witchcraft? One scientist did research and found that the… The Salem Witch Trials took place in Salem, Massachusetts from 1692 until 1693. The disastrous consequences of these tensions included the execution of hundreds of innocent civilians during the Salem witch trials. Title Page of Cotton Mather's The Wonders of the Invisible World Cotton Mather's defense of the Salem Witchcraft Trials portrayed those involved as caught in a battle between the forces of good and evil in the New World. At this time, Mary Sibley, a member of his church, gave directions to John Indian how to find out, who bewitched Betsy Parris and Nabby Williams.
Since no one can really say what happened, more hypotheses are made over time, but many agree that these trials created a genocide that caused fear in the… The Salem Witch Trials The Salem witch trials took place between February of 1692 and May of 1693, by the end of the trials hundreds were accused of witchcraft, nineteen were executed and several more died while imprisoned awaiting either trial or execution. Edited with introductions by Brian P. Some of the colony eventually admitted that the trials were a mistake and compensated the families of those convicted. If you have a question, need help finding a source or you want to find more resources, please. Ingersol endeavored to hold her sometimes making as if she would fly, stretching up her arms as high as she could, and crying, whish, whish, whish, several times; presently after she said, there was Goodw. New York : Oxford University Press, 2005. They felt because Eve had conversations with the devil, that most women had the same comradery with the devil.