While Western philosophers such as Locke, John Stuart Mill, and Socrates put large emphasis on the ideals of questioning authority in the search for truth, Eastern dogma—as reflected by Daoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism—assert very different, conflicting values focused on acceptance and obedience of superiors. Education is a process in which someone undertakes to learn something under the guidanc … e of someone within some physical, social and cultural setting and context. Ethics and morality are not inbuilt, they are taught. Epicurus, on the other hand, lived in the retirement of his famous garden, friendships with his adherents but warning against participation in public life. History teaches that they both have similar teachings being that they are monotheistic religions. The philosophic base for and culture of fundamental research is stronger. Greek Philosophers Plato, Socrates and Aristotle formed the foundation of Western culture, whilst the Eastern world-view was influenced and shaped by Confucius, Buddha and Lao-Tze.
So for example, while Philosophy may ask what is moral, Sociology would first assume that morality are simply norms that vary in every society. Nevertheless, some schools of philosophy are so similar to theology that they are barely distinguishable. One of the greatest philosophers from the eastern school of philosophy, Confucius was a just and righteous man, who adhered to ancient Chinese customs, ideals and conformed to the principles pre-laid by ancient sages. Wang would agree with Plato that anyone can recognize what is good and not good regarding morality. There is no 'eastern' or 'western' philosophy; there is only philosophy. The majority of current civilizations have interaction with other cultures because of globalization, which allows people to have many opportunities to meet foreigners and understanding other cultures.
This he did by means of his famous , saying that the flying arrow rests since it can neither move in the place in which it is nor in a place in which it is not, and that cannot outrun a turtle because, when he has reached its starting point, the turtle will have moved to a further point, and so on ad infinitum—that, in fact, he cannot even start running, for, before the stretch to the starting point of the turtle, he will have to half of it, and again half of that, and so on ad infinitum. As an influential speaker Confucius preaching and teaching advance into a religion and he became soon known as K'ung Fu Tzu; the Great Master Kung, for his teachings. When, after the Battle of Arginusae 406 bc , the majority of the Athenian popular assembly demanded death without trial for the admirals, Socrates, who on that day happened to be president of the assembly an office changing daily , refused to put the proposal to a vote because he believed it was wrong to condemn anyone without a fair trial. Meanwhile in the east collectivism and connected is more apparent. A person can not gain wisdom and knowledge unless they see their own errors and ignorance.
He was able to learn from the examples of others and himself. The official dialect is Mandarin. Look at the picture 1. The idea behind Confucianism is that wisdom and knowledge can be obtained through study, ritual practices, and learning from experiences. Satisfaction with what one has is the key.
As Easterners do not have a system of principles and methods to solve problems, they take the principles of social life as methodology, which can be summarized as doctrine of the mean. His way of thinking helps a person recognize their own ignorance and see the flaws or errors in their way of thinking and what they know. The way of causation: The nature of efficient cause follows in an order, first causing intermediate cause. This metaphor states that we live in a burning house, yet many are too concerned with other matters to notice the simple solution--get out of the house. In his later dialogues, especially the , Plato criticized an empiricist theory of knowledge, anticipating the views of 17th-century English philosophers such as 1588—1679. One rubric is Intimacy and Integrity, outlined in a book by this name by Thomas Kasulis.
Logic is the study of the principles of correct reasoning. Words: 1411 - Pages: 6. Though each line is concerned with finding the right path to follow, the methodology and teachings of the philosophers from either line of thinking has been distinct and different. Deep down, all of us are probably aware that some kind of mystical evolution is our true task. Through meditation a person can overcome this suffering. Western values of Individuality, detail and science is strongly featured in the way Westerns eat. That is, to some degree, reason stands as the chief tool.
It was as though the westerners were drawn to the active, independent, free roaming features while the easterners were drawn to the passive, sedate, unmoving features. Later he made the , however, that there are people who are not completely wise but who are progressing toward wisdom. The fundamentals of the status quo can - and often should always be - be questioned. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of respect. Assignment Eastern and Western Philosophers Comparison Paper Philosophy has divided into two separate categories, the Eastern philosophy, and Western Philosophy.
Yet equality is one of the most fundamental concepts not only in mathematics but also in everyday life—the foundation of all measurement. He argues that all opinions must be heard, whether they are from the majority or a minority of beliefs. A theological book means sheer about a religion or of this kind. With China becoming more influential in the world, many people are today learning Mandarin due to its potential for opening opportunities Music is considered an art form. His philosophy is known through the Enneads, a collection of his writings arranged by his disciple 234—305 , who also wrote a biography of Plotinus.
Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. All good philosophical offerings need a premise to support or refute. In a culture of intimacy the self is inseparable from the world, is intimately related to others, and identifies itself according to the intimate relationships she has with other people. It appeared necessary, therefore, to make a fresh start on the basis of what a person could observe and infer by looking at the world as it presented itself. According to Plato, all of the things that people perceive with their senses are but very imperfect copies of the eternal Forms.