By the early 1540s, he owned 20 silver mines in , 12 in , and 3 in. And Eusebius agrees that Abram was 9 when the 52-year Marduk calendar was created the same year Nineveh was also 52 years old, as Babel's Marduk Temple was too. Cortés's legitimate daughters were Doña Maria, Doña Catalina, and Doña Juana. However, Cortes lead to the destruction of the Aztec Empire, and claimed significant portions of Mexico for the Spanish Empire. . There are a number of reprints and translations of Cortés's writings into various languages.
Arrival Cortés reached Hispaniola in a ship commanded by Alonso Quintero, who tried to deceive his superiors and reach the New World before them in order to secure personal advantages. He sided with local natives in a lawsuit. Cortés soon heard of the arrival of a Spanish force from Cuba, led by , to deprive Cortés of his command at a time mid-1520 when he was holding the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán by little more than the force of his personality. Therefore, he destroyed all of his ships but one, which he sent back to Spain for King Charles. According to his , , and friend , Cortés was pale and sickly as a child.
Cortés' Spanish wife died and he remarried twice, though never to La Malinche, said Cosme. Victors and Vanquished: Spanish and Nahua Views of the Conquest of Mexico. In 1518, Velázquez put Cortés in command of an expedition to explore and secure the interior of Mexico for colonization. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1991, pp. When he reached lake Texcoco Cortes built boats and armed them with cannons. But also, much to the dismay of Cortés, four royal officials were appointed at the same time to assist him in his governing — in effect, submitting him to close observation and administration. Cortés received a repartimiento gift of land and Indian slaves and the first house in the new capital of Santiago.
Scarcely had he reaped the fruits of his audacity, however, when he was informed of the landing of a Spanish army, under Narvaez, which had been sent by Velazquez to compel him to renounce his command. March to Tenochtitlan Gathering his small force of 500 men, Cortes began to march to Tenochtitlan, the heart of the Aztec Empire. This resulted in a strange arrangement where both Cortés and Tangáxuan considered themselves rulers of Michoacán for the following years: the population of the area paid tribute to them both. The emperor finally permitted Cortés to join him and his fleet commanded by at the great expedition against in the in 1541, which was then part of the and was used as a base by , a famous Turkish corsair and Admiral-in-Chief of the Ottoman Fleet. Dona Marina spoke the Nahuatl language of the Aztecs and could help to interpret for Cortes. Representations in Mexico Monument in commemorating the encounter of Cortés and Moctezuma at the Hospital de Jesús Nazareno.
Not surprisingly, many publications and republications of sixteenth-century accounts of the conquest of Mexico appeared around 1992, the 500th anniversary of 's first voyage, when scholarly and popular interest in first encounters surged. After six days of retreat Cortés won the battle of Otumba over the Aztecs sent in pursuit July 7, 1520. At the beginning of the year 1536, after suffering the loss of two ships and amidst many logistical problems, Cortes had to leave the area upon receiving letters from his wife and from the Viceroy urging him to return to the New Spain. Anderson and Charles Dibble, translators. Due to a commercial blockade by the Aztecs, Tlaxcala was poor, lacking, among other things, salt and cotton cloths, so they could only offer Cortés and his men food and slaves.
Conquest of Cuba In 1511, Cortes joined Diego Velazquez on an expedition to Cuba. He reached the territory that was once inhabited by the Mayans and instead of launching an attack or any such aggressive move he became friends with the natives. The wrote his which raises strong accusations of brutality and heinous violence towards the Indians; accusations against both the conquistadors in general and Cortés in particular. His first letter was considered lost, and the one from the municipality of has to take its place. Fernando or Hernándo Alonso de Hinojosa 14. The fourth, October 20, 1524, was printed at in 1525. However, he needed to focus his efforts on the allies of the Aztecs and avoid fighting them as a whole unit.
There was a public ceremony and all the churches in the city rang their bells. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1989. The Aztecs were struck by a smallpox plague starting in September 1520, which lasted seventy days. Several Aztec noblemen loyal to Cortés, including , and their families also perished, including Moctezuma's son and two daughters. Then he proceeded to , where he met with resistance and won a against the natives. His exposure to law at the University of Salamanca surely came in handy during such stints.
The besiegers cut off the supply of food and destroyed the aqueduct carrying water to the city. They wanted to capture, their enemies not kill them in battle, so they could be sacrificed later. Cortés now had time to build more ships, but he had to stay on guard against the Aztecs because he was unable to leave Mexico. When Cortés heard of this, he took a garrison of Spanish and Tlaxcalan soldiers and marched on the Spanish. Hard pressed and lacking food, Cortés decided to leave the city by night. Destroying the Ships There are differing perceptions about what happened to Hernán Cortés's ships. Through his father, Hernán was related to , the third.