However women have always been the cogs working behind the machine, some more than others, and when looking at Classical Greece we see the very predictable form of women to the very backward form of women, namely Athens and Sparta. The state, not the family was the primary source of affection and authority. Married Spartan women were forbidden from wearing their hair long. The hetaerae unlike the slaves and the citizens, were much akin to the Geisha's of China. And when people think of Sparta they see a society hell bent of taking over Athens and crush anyone who stands in their way. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. It was thought in ancient Sparta that healthy, strong women would give birth to healthy and strong children.
Is reminded this is improper behavior - they suggest she ready herself for lunch. Spartan daughters expected to inherit half what a son would inherit. The scholar Jean-Pierre Vernant, wrote that the Arrephoroi, and many other religious celebrations of Athens, could have been reduced from perhaps an entire age grade's participation, to only a handful of girls who were chosen to participate. Spartan women had the freedom of equality in their society but were not allowed to vote and they had a reputation for boldness and licentiousness that other Greeks found unseemly. The wives of the Warriors of Sparta would gain the estates at the loss of their husbands. The father made sacrifices to Hera, Zeus, Artemis, Aphrodite, and Peitho.
After a Spartan woman had passed her physical test at the age of 18 she was then granted full citizenship to Sparta. As part of their basic training, Spartan youths were sent into the countryside to seek out and kill those Helots who looked as if they might become leaders in their community. Sparta on the other hand, was a place where women. They could not, however, use their education to have a career or earn money. Messenians to the status of serfs, or helots, meant.
Many changes occurred during the Enlightenment. Has legal equality to men increased any for women? Women's should be given all the rights that they deserve. Laws prohibited extravagance at weddings and funerals, and limited the amount of jewelry that could be worn. Motherhood was an important role for a Spartan woman, it was in fact her primary goal in life. The survival of the state, it was believed, depended on the ability of every Spartan to fight and defeat at least eight Helots.
The Spartans did not need to import anything from the outside world, and this meant that they became isolated form their neighbors. Their jobs were to manage the household and to bear sons for the husband. In Contrast Women in Sparta had more rights than Athens. Spartan women had cultural, economic, military and social roles similar to Spartan men. On the night before the wedding day, the bride and groom took rituals baths, and sang hymns to Hymen. If boys left home for good at age 7 and husbands and fathers spent the greater part of their life in military training with other men, the impact of all this on the lives of women must have been enormous. They had their state mandated education and the restriction on wearing cosmetics which actually prevented exposure to toxins , and they even had a say when it came to marriage and childbearing.
They would shout encouragement to soldiers while also shouting insults at confirmed bachelors and cowards. Unlike Athenian women, Sparta women wore short dresses and could leave the house whenever they wanted to. Department of Classics and History, University of Toledo. For example, in posing questions about comparison, the discussion can end up being simply a list of similarities and differences. Despite the Greek victories Xerxes was still gaining ground and was nearing the Isthmus of Corinth and gaining Greek allies including Thebes.
The issues that will be addressed are the religious, job roles and the expectations of women in their society. The lowest class was the slave women, who carried out more of the menial domestic chores, and helped to raise the children of the wife. The vanquished people, called Helots, were required to do all of the agricultural work on land owned by the victors, making Sparta self-sufficient in food and ruler of a slave population seven or eight times as large. The second class was that of the Athenian citizen woman. When King Xerxes came with his army which numbered around 300,000 men to conquer Greece Herodotus claimed Xerxes had 5,000,000 men after his fathers defeat by the Athenians at Marathon and the murder of his envoys by both the Spartans and Athenians the Spartan king Cleomenes threw the envoys into … a pit Leonidas and the Athenian General Themistocles formed a great alliance to defeat the Persians. In contradiction to other countries at the time, Spartan women were free to journey outside of the home, free from the restraints that shackled other women into their abode. Women in Sparta were not oppresed b … ecause their husbands were never at home either at war or in the barracks Spartan women were supposed to have healthy babies each year if they babies were unhealthy the babies were put in a pot and left abonded The women were given a degree of equality which was unusual in theGreek world, where women were usually kept in purdah and ran thehousehold.
Sparta had a map for each citizen and they were expected to follow it for the good and continued success of the state. Spartan women had a reputation for boldness and licentiousness that other Greeks found unseemly. Women were required to wear chitons during such activities. They wore the Dorian , with slit skirts which bared their thighs. Women in the present day society —wives and mothers and working women- are ready to accept an inferior position in the family, society and polity. A woman could not own property, and was practically an object herself.
In Athens, it was compulsory for women to be acquiescent and compliant. The men of Sparta would listen to whatever opinions the women had to offer, and what was even better for the women, they had the right to own property, and daughters inherited property in much the same way as sons did, something that was literally unheard of during those times. Typical Day of a Greek Housewife Excerpt from: Lynn, Schnurnberger. . The women were fit, smart, and confident about themselves, therefore more capable of taking on role in society. Aristotle reported, in fact, that women owned forty percent of the land in Sparta. The divine order subjected the female duties to their male counterparts.